The Star Beacon; Ashtabula, Ohio

World, nation, state

April 10, 2014

Most wild kittens taken to shelters will be killed

LOS ANGELES — Wild kittens that will number in the tens of millions this year are starting to be born, and overtaxed shelters will be forced to euthanize most of the millions they receive. It is a grim reality a leading advocate calls “one of the last major problems” plaguing the animal welfare movement.

Scads of good-intentioned people who discover wild litters of baby cats will take them to shelters, which are overrun with the animals. The facilities turn to euthanasia when their limited resources are stretched even thinner by the massive influx of kittens and the babies’ required round-the-clock care. But groups that trap, neuter and release feral cats and shelters that are able to open 24-hour kitten nurseries are doing their part to stem the deaths.

“The problem of community cats dying in shelters is one of the last major problems we in the animal welfare movement are tackling,” said Gregory Castle, CEO of Best Friends Animal Society, a leader in the no-kill movement that runs the largest animal sanctuary in the country.

He says “there’s a ways to go” but has seen a dramatic drop in deaths whenever his group connects a shelter with a local organization that traps, neuters and releases free-roaming cats. Wild kittens socialized early enough can be great pets, his group says.

A staggering 40 million feral kittens will be born throughout the country this year, but 20 million of them will die at birth, said Becky Robinson, president of Bethesda, Md.-based Alley Cat Allies, which promotes trap, neuter and release and is the country’s only cat advocacy group. Of those who survive, millions will be taken to shelters, where the majority will be euthanized. The explosive reproduction isn’t tied to domestic cats because studies show 80 percent are sterilized, she said.

Kittens, which can’t see, hear or do much else on their own for the first week, are difficult to care for because they need to be bottle-fed every two hours, are susceptible to disease until they can be vaccinated and need a place to stay until they’re old enough to be spayed or neutered and put up for adoption.

That’s why some shelters have opened volunteer- and donation-run nurseries. Thousands of feral kittens are saved at 24-hour facilities in California, Indiana, New Jersey, Texas, Illinois and other states. But the trend, started just a few years ago, needs time to expand to make a dent.

Nurseries need to work with neuter-and-release groups, animal control workers and shelters with aggressive adoption programs to reverse the massive numbers of feral cats, said Robinson and Janice Dankert, community cat program supervisor at Best Friends’ headquarters in Kanab, Utah.

It’s rare that a wild adult cat can be socialized enough to be adopted, but feral kittens trained before 3 months old make great pets, Dankert said.

About 72 percent of all cats — neonatal, feral or pets — are killed in shelters, Robinson said.

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