The Star Beacon; Ashtabula, Ohio

World, nation, state

March 28, 2014

1 in 68 U.S. children has some form of autism

Autism is much more common than previously thought, according to a new U.S. government report that estimates that 1 in 68 children have some form of the disorder.

Boosting the rate has become a two-year ritual since the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention set up a surveillance system more than a decade ago. The last estimate, in 2012, was 1 in 88, up from 1 in 110 two years before that.

As in the past, researchers could not say what was driving the increase. While the role of environmental factors remains an open question, rising awareness of the disorder, greater detection and improved access to services have all been shown to be significant factors in the explosive growth in diagnosis over the last two decades.

To arrive at an estimate, CDC researchers do not examine any children directly. Instead, they comb through health and education records for hundreds of thousands of 8-year-olds, looking for indications of autism - either a formal diagnosis or symptoms of the disorder.

The analysis released Thursday was based on data collected in 2010 from 11 surveillance areas around the country, including ones in Maryland, Wisconsin, Arizona and Colorado. People living in the surveillance areas represent 9 percent of the U.S. population.

Research has long shown that boys are most susceptible to autism, and, indeed, their rate - 1 in 42 - was far higher than the rate in girls - 1 in 189.

But large geographic and racial differences in the rates illustrate the difficulty of relying on records to determine the true prevalence of the disorder.

Alabama had the lowest rate - 1 in 175. The highest rate was in New Jersey - 1 in 45.

The rate for whites was 1 in 63, which was 30 percent higher than for black children and 50 percent higher than for Latino children.

There is little evidence to suggest that such differences have anything to do with biology. Rather, they probably reflect differences in the degree to which the diagnosis and services have taken hold in different communities. In some places, doctors and school officials are more likely to make a diagnosis or take note of symptoms and include them in records.

The CDC analysis found that much of the racial variation stemmed from a high rate of diagnosis among white children of normal or above-normal intelligence.

Historically, the vast majority of people with autism were thought to be mentally retarded. Today, that is no longer the case - especially among whites. The CDC found that only 25 percent of those identified as autistic had an intellectual disability. That figure was 48 percent for black children and 38 percent for Latinos.

Text Only
World, nation, state
  • Troubled childhoods may prompt men to volunteer for military service

    In the era of the all-volunteer U.S. military, men who served are more than twice as likely as those who never did to have been sexually abused as children and to have grown up around domestic violence and substance abuse, a new study has found.

    July 24, 2014

  • As poverty continues to rise, fewer Ohioans are receiving state aid

    The number of Ohioans receiving public assistance continues to drop even while poverty increases, raising questions about how the state helps the poor.

    July 24, 2014

  • ’Saltwater’ from fracking spill much different from ocean water

    In early July, a million gallons of salty drilling waste spilled from a pipeline onto a steep hillside in western North Dakota’s Fort Berthold Reservation. The waste — a byproduct of oil and gas production — has now reached a tributary of Lake Sakakawea, which provides drinking water to the reservation.

    July 24, 2014

  • 40 bodies from jet solemnly returned to Dutch soil

    Victims of the Malaysian jetliner shot down over Ukraine returned at last Wednesday to Dutch soil in 40 wooden coffins, solemnly and gently carried to 40 identical hearses, flags at half-staff flapping in the wind.

    July 23, 2014

  • U.S. pushes for truce as Gaza battle rages

    The United States announced signs of progress in cease-fire talks Wednesday, but prospects for a quick end to the fighting were dim as Palestinian families fled fierce battles in southern Gaza and the death toll rose to more than 700 Palestinians and 34 Israelis.

    July 23, 2014

  • GROUNDED U.S., other countries ban flights to and from Israel

    A Hamas rocket exploded Tuesday near Israel’s main airport, prompting a ban on all flights from the U.S. and many from Europe and Canada as aviation authorities responded to the shock of seeing a civilian jetliner shot down over Ukraine.

    July 23, 2014

  • REPORT: Retaliation by supervisors common at VA

    A pharmacy supervisor at the VA was placed on leave after complaining about errors and delays in delivering medications to patients at a hospital in Palo Alto, California. In Pennsylvania, a doctor was removed from clinical work after complaining that on-call doctors were refusing to go to a VA hospital in Wilkes-Barre.

    July 22, 2014

  • Veteran's Ducks Iraq vet cited for owning 14 therapeutic pet ducks

    An Army veteran who hurt his back during the Iraq War is worried a citation will result in him losing his 14 pet ducks, which he says are therapeutic.

    July 21, 2014 1 Photo

  • Stacked Apartment.jpg New York building shows how mod design stacks up as cool

    In a city piled high with ambitious architecture, a seven-floor structure off the beaten path boasts a distinction of its own: It’s billed as the first multistory, modular-built apartment building to open in the nation’s apartment capital.

    July 21, 2014 1 Photo

  • Scores dead in first major ground battle in Gaza

    The first major ground battle in two weeks of Israel-Hamas fighting exacted a steep price Sunday: It killed 65 Palestinians and 13 Israeli soldiers and forced thousands of terrified Palestinian civilians to flee their neighborhood, reportedly used to launch rockets at Israel and now devastated by the fighting.

    July 21, 2014

House Ads

Click HERE to read all your Parade favorites including Hollywood Wire, Celebrity interviews and photo galleries, Food recipes and cooking tips, Games and lots more.
AP Video